Richard Holbrooke, an American diplomat who engineered the 1995 Dayton Accords that ended the war in the Balkans, died on Monday. He was 69. In 1998, Holbrook spoke to Terry Gross about his 13-hour negotiation with two indicted war criminals who led the Bosnian Serbs.
In the early 1990s, NPR journalist Scott Simon reported from war-torn Sarajevo. Those experiences formed the basis for his debut novel, Pretty Birds, the story of a 16-year-old girl who adapts to her violent times.
Dr. Sheri Fink's new book is War Hospital: A True Story of Surgery and Survival. It's about a group of doctors who treated patients in Srebrenica, Bosnia, under the most extreme conditions. They treated thousands of patients, often without electricity, water or proper medicine. Fink, a physician and writer based in New York, works with the humanitarian organization International Medical Corps. She just returned from Iraq and has also worked in the Balkans, southern Africa and Central Asia.
The New York Times' Roger Cohen reported from Bosnia during the war there. His new book "Hearts Grown Brutal: Sagas of Sarajevo" (Random House) is about covering the war, and the families divided by the conflict.
U.S. Peace negotiator Richard Holbrooke. He was the chief architect of the Dayton Peace Accord that ended the war in the former Yugoslavia. He has just returned from the region. His new book will be published in June "To End A War." (Random House)
New York Times correspondent Chris Hedges. He reports from Serbia on the tense conditions that remain despite absence of war in the former Yugoslavia, and the nationalist ideology present in the three factions, one that has led to hate crimes against ethnic minorities and gypsies. (Interview by Marty Moss-Coane)
Journalist Chris Hedges. He's been covering the Bosnian conflict for the New York Times and offers insight to the current political and social atmosphere in the former Yugoslavia. This week marks the anniversary of the slaughter of thousands of Muslims in Srebrenica as they were attempting to retreat from the Serbs. Investigators from the international war crimes tribunal are currently exhuming the graves of that former U.N. "safe area."
Photojournalist Edward Serotta has documented the community of Bosnian Jews in Sarajevo, and their efforts to rescue their Muslim, Serb, and Croat friends and neighbors during the siege. His book is "Survival in Sarajevo: How a Jewish Community Came to the Aid of its City." (Central Europe Center for Research & Documentation). Terry will also talk with him about his recent trip to Sarajevo to look for the the legendary Sarajevo Haggadah -- a 700 year old Spanish masterpiece that's valued at 10 million dollars. During the Holocaust, Muslims hid it from the Nazis.
Balkans correspondent for the Financial Times, Laura Silber. She's the co-author of the new book, The Death of Yugoslavia (TV Books/Penguin, with Allan Little). In the book they look at the decisions that led to war. They write that Yugoslavia did not die a "natural death" that it was "deliberately and systematically killed off by men who had nothing to gain and everything to lose from a peaceful transition from state socialism and one-party rule to free-market democracy." There is also a accompanying TV documentary series to the book.
Former British diplomat Lord David Owen has written a new memoir about his efforts to broker a peace plan in the Former Yugoslavia. It is called Balkan Odyssey published by Harcourt Brace. Owen along with Cyrus Vance drafted the Vance-Owen peace plan that was considered but never adopted by the warring sides.
Correspondent for The New York Times, Chris Hedges. He's been reporting from Bosnia and Croatia. He talks about the expected signing of the Bosnian Peace Agreement, and the arrival of NATO troops. First, Terry speaks with former President Carter about the negotiations.
New York Times Reporter Roger Cohen updates us on today's announced peace agreement between the warring factions in the former Yugoslavia. Cohen has extensively covered the war from Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia. President Clinton announced today that the three sides have agreed to preserve Bosnia within its current borders -- but divide it into two republics under one national government.
Correspondent for The New York Times Roger Cohen who is covering the war in Bosnia. He'll discuss the recent offensive by Bosnian Muslims and Croats around Banja Luka in northwestern Bosnia, and he'll talk about the history of Serbs, and the betrayal many Serbs feel by Serbian nationals.
Paul Beaver is the editor of the British magazine Jane's Balkan Sentinel. The Sentinel is published by Jane's Information Group, which also publishes Jane's Defense Weekly. Beaver discusses the magazine's investigation into tracking the clandestine arms supply routes into Bosnia and the Balkan states. It has been reported that all of the warring factions in that region have been receiving weapons illegally. The United Nation's currently has an arms embargo on the six republics of the former Yugoslavia.
Nurse Christina Schmitz. She volunteers with the international medical relief organization, Doctors Without Borders. Schmitz was in Srebrenica when it fell. She has also volunteered with Doctors Without Borders in Croatia, Liberia, Kurdistan, South Sudan, and Chechnya. (Interview by Marty Moss-Coane)
Croatian journalist, critic, and feminist Slavenka Drakulic. She is the author of How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed, and The Balkan Express. Drakulic will talk about the recent developments in the Bosnian conflict: that is, the Croatian Government's assault to reclaim the Serb populated area, Krajina, which broke away when Croatia established its independence. (Interview by Marty Moss-Coane)
Stephen Engelberg of the New York Times. He is a former Eastern Europe correspondent and is presently an investigative reporter in the Washington bureau. Engelberg will reconstruct the story of the turning point in the Bosnian war: how the U.N. and Nato decided to bomb Serb headquarters last May, and then stop after the Serbs took peace keepers hostage.
Terry Gross talks with the Croatian writer about her book Have a Nice Day: From the Balkan War to the American Dream. Part memoir, part short story collection, the book chronicles the writer's transplanted life as a lecturer in Middletown, Connecticut, a world away from the brutal Balkan war.
Manchevski, now based in the U.S., went home to make his first feature film, "Before the Rain." One critic at the Venice Film Festival said the film is "written and directed with surprising skill and ability, wonderfully filmed." Manchevski is also well known for directing the music video, "Tennessee" by Arrested Development which won an MTV video award in 1992.