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Yugoslav War (1991-1995)

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43 Segments




Unpacking the Roots of Conflict in the Balkans

Professor of Slavic Languages at the University of Wisconsin Toma Longinovic. He is Serbian, but has been in the U.S. for about ten years. He still has family in Sarajevo. He'll talk with guest host Marty Moss-Coane about the history of Muslims in the region, and about his concerns for his family.


Crafting Policies to Deal with the Bosnian Crisis

James Adams is the Washington bureau chief for the Sunday Times of London, and former Defense Correspondent. He's written several books, including, "Engines of War: Merchants of Death and the New Arms Race." He'll talk with guest host Marty Moss-Coane about the military options in Bosnia.


Yugoslavian-Born Poet Charles Simic on Literature and War

Simic won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1990. He edited a new anthology of Serbian poetry called "The Horse Has Six Legs." He came to the U.S. when he was 15. He'll talk to guest host Marty Moss-Coane about poetry, growing up in Yugoslavia, andt what it's like to witness the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


The Crisis of Rape During the Yugoslav War

Yugoslavian journalist, critic, and feminist Slavenka Drakulic. We last spoke to her in July about living in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, with the outbreak of war. Recently, Drakulic has been researching and writing about Muslim women who have been raped by Serbs for genocidal purposes.


The Future of the Yugoslavian War

BBC correspondent Misha Glenny. He's returned to London from covering the war in the former Yugoslavia. Terry will talk with him about the war and the history that led up to it. He's also the author of the book "The Fall of Yugoslavia."


Violence Against Aid Workers in Yugoslavia

Spokesperson for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Yetta Sorenson. She's based in Zagreb, Croatia. Terry speaks with her from Croatia about the organization's relief efforts in the former Yugoslavia. In May, one of their relief convoys was attacked, and a ICRC delegate was killed. The organization pulled out of the area until mid-July. Last December, in response to the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the ICRC issued an unprecedented public statement condemning the atrocities there.


International Law and Its Impact on War Crimes

Journalist, professor, and historian Christopher Simpson teaches at American University in Washington, D.C. Last month the U.N. Security Council voted to create a new international tribunal to try those accused of war crimes in the Balkan conflict. Simpson has written a new book about the use of mass murder as an instrument of state power, beginning with World War I, called "The Splendid Blond Beast." Simpson shows how those who commit such crimes are rarely punished, like high-ranking SS killers from World War II.


A Journalist on Anticipating the Balkan Crisis

Journalist Robert Kaplan has been a foreign correspondent for "The Atlantic," and "The New Republic." In the 1980s and early 1990s, he was the first American writer to warn of the coming crisis in the Balkans. His latest book, "Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History," is a political travel book about his journeys through southern Austria and Croatia, Old Serbia and Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, and Greece.


Award Winning Journalist Tom Gjelten on Covering the Siege of Sarajevo

Foreign Correspondent for NPR, Tom Gjelten He's been reporting from Bosnia. Terry will talk with him about what it's been like to cover the war in the former Yugoslavia. Gjelten just won the prestigious George Polk Award for his piece, "Massacre on the Mountain," about a massacre of 200 Bosnian Muslim men. Gjelten also reported on the Gulf War and on the conflicts in Central America.


Two Dissident Writers in Exile Because of the Yugoslav War

Two winners of the P.E.N./Freedom to Write Awards: Serbian dissident writer Svetlana Slapsak and Bosnian writer Zoran Mutic. Both fled Sarajevo and Belgrade respectively to avoid repercussions because of their outspokenness and are living in exile in Slovenia. Mutic is of Serb/Muslim background and is a translator who translated Rushdie's "Midnight Children," into Serbian. Slapsak wrote the widely acclaimed essay, "When Words Kill." She is president of the Committee for the Liberty of Expression.


Roy Gutman Discusses the Genocide in Bosnia.

Foreign correspondent for "Newsday," Roy Gutman. He and his photographer were the first western journalists to report on genocide in a Serb-run concentration camp. Shortly after the story was published the camp was closed and the Red Cross let in. Their reporting led to public outrage, and official condemnation by the United Nations. Gutman won a Pulitzer Prize for this reporting.


Bosnian Filmmaker Ademir Kenovic.

One of Bosnia's leading film makers, and professor of film at the Academy of Film and Theatre in Sarajevo Ademir Kenovic. His newest film "SA-Life" (SA stands for Sarajevo) is compiled of scenes shot by himself, other film makers, and film students in and around Sarajevo that capture the horror of the war. Each day, Kenovic and his fellow film makers would meet in his basement studio to plan the day's shoot, going out with hand-held cameras. Kenovic has made three other films.


Writers Fund Raise for Sarajevo.

Readings from the PEN American Center's benefit for Bosnian Writers, "An Evening For Sarajevo", held last night in New York City. Fifteen American writers read from their work to raise money for the writers of Sarajevo for food and supplies; writers in the besieged city are fighting to keep their literary culture vital and undiminished in a time of war.


Bosnian Journalist Zlatko Dizdarevic.

Bosnian Journalist Zlatko Dizdarevic, an editor of the only daily newspaper in Sarajevo which has continued to publish during the war, and the author of "Sarajevo Under Siege: A War Journal," (Fromm International). He read last night at the PEN American Center's benefit, "An Evening For Sarajevo".


Charles Kupchan Discusses the Latest Developments in Bosnia.

Charles Kupchan, Senior Fellow for Europe at the Council on Foreign Relations and former Director of European Affairs on the National Security Council in the Clinton White House. He'll discuss the political motivations of the European players in NATO's ultimatum to Bosnian Serb forces. The Bosnian Serbs must withdraw artillery and mortars from their stranglehold positions on Sarajevo by February 21st or face NATO air strikes.


Update on the Situation in Bosnia.

Journalist Misha Glenny. Glenny has been covering the war in former Yugoslavia--first as correspondent for the BBC and now as an independent journalist. He is the author of the book "The Fall of Yugoslavia." He will talk about the recent mortar attack on the market in Sarajevo and the effects of the recent downing by NATO forces of four Serbian warplanes.


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