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Overcoming Racism in Baseball.

Frank Robinson, manager of the Baltimore Orioles. In 1975, he became the first black manager in baseball, and today he is the only one. As a player, Robinson was legendary. He is the only player ever to win the Most Valuable Player award in both leagues; and his 586 home runs place him behind Hand Aaron, Babe Ruth and Willie Mays on the all-time list. His new book, Extra Innings, addresses the question of racism in baseball, first broached in a broadly public way when Al Campanis, the former general manager for the Los Angeles Dodgers said on a "Nightline" interview that blacks "lacked the necessities" to manage a baseball team.

26:45

Other segments from the episode on June 10, 1988

Fresh Air with Terry Gross, June 10, 1988: Interview with Frank Robinson; Interview with BeauSoleil; Interview with Teresa Carpenter; Commentary on Mark Morris.

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Transcripts are created on a rush deadline, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of Fresh Air interviews and reviews are the audio recordings of each segment.

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