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TERRY GROSS, HOST: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Terry Gross. We had promised you an interview with actor Adam Driver today, but unfortunately, we weren't able to do it as planned. But the good news is instead we're going to hear one of our favorite interviews of the year with Conan O'Brien. He's been up to some new things. He changed the format of his late-night TBS show and cut it back to half an hour. And he moved into the podcast world with a popular show called "Conan O’Brien Needs A Friend," featuring his conversations with comics, actors and writers. Conan O'Brien was a comedy writer having worked on "The Simpsons" and "Saturday Night Live" when he first started hosting NBC's "Late Night With Conan O'Brien" in the 12:30 spot that had been David Letterman's. O'Brien was unknown as a performer, and a lot of people thought he wouldn't make it. But now he's been hosting late-night shows longer than anyone - 26 years. His career has taken some surprising twists and turns, which we'll talk about. But he's never stopped being funny.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED NPR BROADCAST)
GROSS: Conan O'Brien, welcome back to FRESH AIR. It's been a long time, and it's a great pleasure to have you back. You're kind of shaking things up in your life. I mean, you've changed your hour TBS TV show into a half hour. And you're doing all these new podcast ventures and doing stand-up comedy. And now you have this series of performances at clubs around the country kind of produced by Team Coco. So what's going on in your life that made you want to make all these changes?
CONAN O'BRIEN: I'm having a nervous breakdown.
GROSS: I knew it. I knew if I asked, you would tell me that. Thank you.
O'BRIEN: (Laughter) Yeah. No. If I am, it's a very...
GROSS: I ask the questions that get the deep answers.
O'BRIEN: Yes, yes, it's the Larry King method.
O'BRIEN: Larry King used to - famously said once (imitating Larry King) I don't prepare for interviews. I just ask whatever pops into my head. That's my technique.
And I said, that's not a technique.
O'BRIEN: That's just called - that's just called not preparing, Larry. (Imitating Larry King) That's my technique is I just get up and I eat a giant ham sandwich and then I go in and I say whatever happens and then that's my magic.
But, you know, I decided a little while ago - I've loved my career. I've been very lucky. I am hard-pressed to think of something I wanted I didn't get to do. And so - you know, and I'm very lucky in my personal life. I married the right person. I have great kids. So at a certain point, you say why not? But I guess I got to a phase where I thought I don't - what I don't want to do is sleepwalk my way through my career at this stage. I think it be very easy to - OK, I got this down. I can do this for a bunch of years (ph) and then, you know, sort of fade off into the sunlight. And I thought that's - or there's another way to go, which is scare yourself and try to be - rather than be intimidated and afraid as a lot of middle-aged people are by everything that's changing, choose to be excited by it. You know, maybe some later career kookiness doesn't make any difference. You know, if people don't like it, they don't like it.
GROSS: Do you think the things that you find funny or the comedy that you want to do has been changing as you get older?
O'BRIEN: Yeah, probably. Well, I don't think the things that I find funny have changed. I still find the same things funny. And I really love the silly and the silliness and the absurdity that I can find in everyday life. I think as time goes on, I've become much more interested in things that - and, actually, this has probably always been the case, so I don't know if I can say it's new. But my interest in what we call evergreen comedy - comedy that - think of a Warner Brothers cartoon. You can watch it today, and it was - maybe it was made in 1948. You know, whether it's Bugs Bunny or Coyote Road Runner, you're watching one. And it's just the timing and the simplicity of the ideas but the beauty of the execution. It's all as funny today as it was when it was shown in a theater in 1948. And that's the stuff that, as I get older, I'm more and more interested in, which is something that's not just funny if you've read the news today. Do you know what I mean? It's going to be...
GROSS: Yeah, definitely, definitely.
O'BRIEN: ...Funny. It's funny if someone sees it online. And I think that's something that's - I'm happy about is I'm constantly having - because of YouTube - total accident - but because of YouTube, people will see something that I shot 20 years ago. But it's me, you know, going to the nurse and finding out that I have a heart murmur, and it's all happening on - in real time (laughter).
GROSS: Wait. Did you find out for real when she - this was a whole bit where you had, like, a cold, so you went to see the doctor or the nurse. And then you insisted - she kept telling you, everything's fine.
GROSS: And you insisted that she listen to your chest. And she said, did anyone ever tell you...
GROSS: ...That you have a heart murmur?
O'BRIEN: It's true, yeah.
GROSS: She used a different word for it, but - and you looked really...
GROSS: ...Surprised. And I wasn't sure...
O'BRIEN: Yeah, I was. I was.
GROSS: ...Whether that was shtick or real.
O'BRIEN: No, no, no. It was not shtick. It was absolutely real. And I think that's why it reads as funny. I'm fine, by the way. I've never had any issue.
GROSS: Well, that's good.
O'BRIEN: Yeah. This is Conan O'Brien's last interview, by the way.
O'BRIEN: Thankfully, I never had any issue.
O'BRIEN: Terry Gross had the last interview with Conan.
O'BRIEN: But I like comedy that is about me as a person who's somewhat ridiculous going through life and whether it's Chaplin-esque or Jacques Tati or it's just - it's about a person encountering - being embarrassed or humiliated or being - you know, going through life and sort of like Buster Keaton or any of those great people. I'm not playing at their level, but I - that is my approach to comedy is to try and find connections and things that other people can relate to. And those are the things - some of these remotes that I've shot over the years are my - probably my favorite medium in all of comedy is I have this - you know, hundreds and hundreds of these remotes I've shot. And some of them, I think I really managed to make something that might be a little bit timeless. And that's the stuff I'm in love with.
GROSS: So are there jokes that you feel like you can't tell anymore in this era of heightened feminist awareness and the #MeToo movement? Like, one of the things you always used to do was, like, your Bob Hope growl at attractive women. I mean, you went really...
O'BRIEN: Yeah (growling).
GROSS: Yeah. That - I mean, that was...
O'BRIEN: No. You know what? I still...
GROSS: And you'd massage your nipples...
O'BRIEN: I didn't let go of...
GROSS: ...As part of the joke. Can you do that anymore?
O'BRIEN: Yes. Well, first of all, I always molested myself...
GROSS: Yes, OK.
O'BRIEN: ...Which I think we're still allowed to do.
O'BRIEN: The other thing is the growl, you know - I would - when women would come on, it was this cartoony Bob Hope thing of (growling). And I don't know if anybody has ever seen it as sexual because I don't know that I come across as - (laughter) I'm being really bluntly honest - as that sexual. And so I don't know that I do the growl as much anymore. But I find that the response is usually women laughing at me because it is such a caricature of a guy - a cartoonish, non-sexual person attempting, you know, this crazy what is sort of 1950s or 1940s tiger growl. So, yeah, I don't know that that is - the tiger growl is - I don't know if that's verboten in - because I don't know that anyone takes it seriously, nor should they. But...
GROSS: No, no, agreed.
O'BRIEN: I'd hate to lose it completely.
GROSS: You've had the strangest career of all the late-night hosts. You'd been more of a writer than performer when you got your 12:30 late-night show on NBC, coming on right after "The Tonight Show." No one knew who you were, and it took a while for you to catch on. When Leno left "The Tonight Show," you replaced him. Leno got a 10 o'clock show that didn't do well. He wanted to go back to the 11:30 spot, and NBC let him do it. So before your year was up, you were out of the 11:30 spot. They offered you a spot at 12:05 to do "The Tonight Show." And you basically said, that's ridiculous. And you left and, you know, a few months later, started your show on TBS. So your career has had this strange mix of, like, complete stardom and rejection mixed in. And I just think psychologically that must really be like a roller coaster.
O'BRIEN: Yeah. That was - first of all, just listening to you summarize it right now, I went through seven episodes of PTSD just listening to your...
O'BRIEN: Just listening to the summary of what I already know happened, I'm just - I'm completely drenched. I'm drenched in sweat right now, in need of medication, which I'm taking. Here we go and done. Yeah, it's - I have to say, I agree with you. It has been - say what you want about my career - you can - someone can like me, they can despise me, they can completely not care (laughter) be completely neutral about me, but everyone would have to agree that it's a really unusual career, just completely unprecedented.
I mean, the way that I got onto the "Late Night" show was absurd, which was basically they - Lorne Michaels took a complete Hail Mary pass and said, I know this writer, and he has, you know, very little performing experience besides some improv, but I think he could be good. And I went to an audition and, because I had no chance, was completely relaxed in the audition and did really well. And then NBC said, well, we have no other choice (laughter) because this is pre - I mean, it wouldn't happen today.
Today, if there was a major "Late Night" spot open, there would be 600 candidates from 600 different cable shows. So the whole way I got the show was absurd, hanging on to it for the first year, year and a half, two years, when I think I was actually canceled at one point in a meeting. And then shortly after the meeting ended, they said, well, we can't cancel him yet because we don't have his replacement quite ready to go. So let's uncancel him and then cancel him at the next meeting. And then they just didn't get around to it.
So I was supposed to die about six different times and just didn't through some - I don't know what else to call it other than dumb luck. And then, yeah, you push forward through all these years of success to - it's like being a college professor - you're getting tenure. You're going to get "The Tonight Show." And people don't - they don't try you out at "The Tonight Show." They give it to you and then...
GROSS: Then they take it away (laughter).
O'BRIEN: ...My predecessor it had - yeah. And then my, you know, my predecessor had had, you know, some difficult times. It all worked out. So the feeling was - at that point, I'd been on the air for 16 years and, well, this should be OK. And then it was - as you said, it was just this crazy set of circumstances. And that was traumatic. And I did a tour, which was very therapeutic. I went out on the road, and I did comedy and some music. And it was just a big variety show. And we had a lot of insanely huge guest stars come out in support.
GROSS: Was it helpful to you to have audiences who were incredibly enthusiastic about seeing you at this time when you'd been rejected from NBC?
O'BRIEN: Yeah. Oh, it was - it was therapeutic and satisfying to - you know, all I ever wanted to do was make people laugh. I know that sounds corny. The motivator, to me, is I just really do love getting in front of people and making them happy, making them laugh. And so getting to do that on a national tour and really delighting these crowds, that was great.
I think the trouble, for me, came after that tour because I think I emotionally crashed. You know, the tour - it's, like, probably a typically Irish response. But you'll do - the Irish, a lot of times, will do anything to avoid feeling pain. So I think it was very - obviously, very painful to have to give up "The Tonight Show." And so what I did was I avoided that pain by doing this tour where I probably burned 3,000 calories a night, would sweat through my clothes, really give everything I have, then go out and take selfies with a thousand people, then sleep for a couple of hours but then not be able to sleep on the bus and on the plane and just - I think when that tour was over, I was skeletal. And then I was faced with - we got to start over again, build a new show. And I think that was the painful part. That was the part that took a good two years to work through.
GROSS: What helped you through it?
O'BRIEN: Well, I like being honest about this for other people out there. I had always done some therapy, but I went to - I got a lot of therapy, and I got some help with medication. And that helped a lot. And then it also helped a lot that, as I said earlier, the smartest thing I ever did in my life was marry my wife in 2002. So it's been 17 years, and she's just a great partner and very emotionally intelligent and my best friend. And so she helped me through this. And you have kids, too. I mean, I have two children, so that puts things in perspective.
GROSS: Mmm hmm.
O'BRIEN: So all those things helped me enormously. And, you know, I've since become a big advocate for people who are - if they're going through something and they're having a hard time - you know, talking to somebody and getting some professional help.
GROSS: If you're just joining us, my guest is Conan O'Brien, and, of course, he has his TBS show at 11 o'clock at night, but he also now has a podcast. It's called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend." We'll be right back. This is FRESH AIR.
(SOUNDBITE OF GUS VISEUR'S "SWING VALSE")
GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. If you're just joining us, my guest is Conan O'Brien. In addition to hosting his TBS 11 o'clock show "Conan," he's now deep into the podcast world. His podcast is called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend."
I remember when I was a guest on your late-night show on NBC back in, I think, like, 2004 when the show was - I was, like, the last guest. And when the show was over and you were leaving the set, you were very generous with your time. You spent a few minutes talking with me. And I introduced my husband to you. He's a big fan. And you said - you said, wow, now that the show is over, I can go back to being depressed. And it was really funny. But at the same time, I thought, I bet there's some truth to that, too, that once you leave the stage, like, depression takes over.
O'BRIEN: Yeah. You know, it's funny. Everyone has a different - I used to think I'm not depressed; I'm just anxious. And I didn't understand. But I've always been - I was anxious as a little kid. I think I started having real bouts of strong anxiety around - in fourth grade, I remembered - fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, I mean, through high school. And I was - just had a lot of anxiety and anxiety in the night and getting up a lot and not understanding what it was.
And so I remember there was a period in my life in my 40s when people were saying, you know, maybe you're depressed. And I would be irritated. I would say, I'm not depressed. I have anxiety, but I'm not depressed. And then, of course, when I finally went and got some help, you know, at this sort of big, chaotic time in my life, one of the first things that the doctor said to me was - I said I'm not depressed. I'm - I just have anxiety. And they said, you know, yeah, anxiety is a - chronic anxiety is a - it's a subset or form of depression. It's a mode, you know?
And so I think because I was able to function so well - I can always work, I can always get up and do what has to be done - and I just thought, well, I'm not depressed. And I had read accounts of people with real depression who can't get out of bed. And I said that's never been me. And so I'm not that, so I don't have depression. But I realized that anxiety is a form. It's certainly something that can get in the way of your life. And yeah, I did go down - it's sort of a classic trope, but I think there's a lot of truth to it, which is when you're a performer, when you're on stage, there's no thinking. You just have to act. There's no time to think. You just do. And so for that time that you're in front of people, in a weird, crazy way, you'd think that the anxiety would be at its peak. And it's not. Everything goes away because there's no time. You're just in front of them. And you just react. And you completely rely on your muscle memory and your inner clown that's been there since you were born. And you just go. And it's very liberating, and it's really freeing.
The problem is when it's over and you need to negotiate - then you have to start thinking again about, well, what's tomorrow and what are we going to do? And then it's all back in your brain, you know? It's not you just sort of reacting out of your diaphragm or your soul or whatever. You're back in your brain. And that's where the problems start. So when I say it's time to be depressed again after a show, it's much better now. I mean, now I go home, and I see my wife and kids and deal with whatever they're dealing with. And - so it's different. And, you know, it's not it's not the way it used to be. I used to go home and brood about what am I going to do next, and what's tomorrow, and how was that show? And if it was a good show, can we replicate it tomorrow? If it was a bad show, oh, my God, how are we going to make up for that? What will people think? There's less of that now. So it's - it was a joke, but it wasn't a joke.
GROSS: We're listening to my interview with Conan O'Brien. His TBS show is weeknights at 11. His podcast is called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend." We'll talk more after a break. There just happened to be a guitar in the studio when we spoke, so, of course, I asked him to play and sing something. It was great. We'll hear that too. I'm Terry Gross, and this is FRESH AIR.
(SOUNDBITE OF STEFON HARRIS AND BLACKOUT'S "THE CAPE VERDEAN BLUES")
GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Terry Gross. Let's get back to my interview with Conan O'Brien. In addition to his TBS late-night show, he has a popular podcast called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend," featuring him interviewing comics, actors and writers. He said he's dealth with anxiety and depression during his career, but getting therapy helped him through it. And even though he's juggling several projects now, he's feeling less stressed and less depressed.
Do you think some of that is just kind of getting older and just having more perspective?
O'BRIEN: Definitely. I think getting old has a - gets a bad rap.
GROSS: Well, you're not old. You're older...
O'BRIEN: So far...
GROSS: ...Than you were.
O'BRIEN: I've been lucky. And I've been healthy. And I move around a lot. And I pretty much feel the way I did when I was in my 20s. So I'm very lucky that way. And I understand that all kinds of stuff is going to be showing up that's not going to be pleasant. But I have found - when people get rhapsodic about their childhood and say, ah, my boyhood, nothing will ever be as good as that, I don't understand what they're talking about because I found youth to be very scary and intimidating. And I put a lot of pressure on myself. And I had big expectations. And I didn't know if it was going to work out. And I find...
GROSS: All right, let me stop you right there. What would - what did you find really scary about childhood? What scared you the most or made you most anxious?
O'BRIEN: Well, my father used to - my father would dress as a clown and hide under the bed and surprise me.
GROSS: (Laughter) And that scared you?
O'BRIEN: He's a very sick man. And he does it to this day, although he's slower getting out from under the bed (laughter). It takes him about 40 minutes (laughter). No, I would say - as I said, I was really anxious. And I didn't know how I fit into the world. I was not a good athlete, so I would be get - I'd get picked last. I had a strange name. I think it took me a while to - for people to warm up to me. I was not someone who instantly showed up and everyone was like, hey, look at this Conan, you know, high five, you know? I didn't click with people right away and know where I fit in the world.
So yeah, childhood was not - it wasn't bad. It wasn't traumatic. It was just - I find that as I get older, my perspective has changed. And I can sort of see the importance of the real things and the unimportance of the silly things.
GROSS: So maybe I'm making too much of this, but your father was an infectious disease specialist at Women and Brigham's Hospital in...
O'BRIEN: Yeah - still is, actually.
GROSS: Still is.
O'BRIEN: Still is, actually.
O'BRIEN: His specialty is microbiology and antibiotic resistance.
GROSS: So your father is an infectious disease expert - specialist. And your mother, until she retired, was a partner in a law firm. So growing up with that, it's, in a way, all about consequences, like germs that can kill you. And...
GROSS: ...With your mother, like, if you do the wrong thing - I don't know what kind of law she practiced, but if you do the wrong thing, you can be sued. You can go to prison.
GROSS: (Laughter) You know, so...
GROSS: Did you grow up with a sense that, like, everything has, like, life-changing consequences?
O'BRIEN: Well, I think - I will simplify it for you. And that's - I - that's sort of a very interesting psychological tack you just took with, like, my dad's work and my mom's work. And that deserves further exploration. But I can simplify it for you. My parents are very Catholic. And so, yes, you grow up with a very strong sense of consequences. And also, I grew up in - you look at my family. And there's an immigrant - an Irish immigrant - and it doesn't matter where you're from. Every generation is trying to better their circumstances from the previous generation.
So my people come over from Ireland. They work in the mills in central, you know, Massachusetts. Then, you know, if you can get out of working in the mills, you're doing what my grandfathers did, which was you're either a traffic policeman in Worcester, Mass., or you work your way with no college education, as my other grandfather did. Into being a teller at a bank to being the person sort of organizing the bank to being someone who's helping to run the bank. And then what are their kids do? Their kids get full scholarships and go to college and then go on to graduate school and become - you know, get a law degree and a medical degree. And so everyone's bettering the situation that they inherited and raising the bar for the next generation.
And then, of course, I was a workaholic as a kid and very serious. People have a hard time reconciling that. I was not some just naturally brilliant guy. I had to work. I was not good at math and science. And I made myself - like, just made myself - if I had to memorize textbooks, I would memorize them because my goal was - I don't know what I'm going to do in this world, but I need to get into a good college. And I did. What do I do once I get to Harvard? I join the comedy magazine just as a lark. And the next thing you know, that's all I care about. So I think, in my career, there's been a sense of - wait - generation after generation has been pushing the puzzle piece slowly forward. And I'm taking all of this and gambling it on being a professional goofball (laughter)...
O'BRIEN: ...You know? And so talk about consequences. You know, to my parents' credit, they really did imbue in all of us a really powerful moral code. And so we've had that since we were kids, too. And those can feel like big consequences, you know.
GROSS: You know, with self-punishment, I sometimes think there's a sense of - like, if you punish yourself and if you're penitent in some way, that it will avoid a harsher, externally given punishment. Like, I know I did wrong. I've punished myself, so you don't have to do anything. I've taken care of it. It's almost like, you know...
GROSS: ...Preemptive punishment. But it could be, like, so damaging.
O'BRIEN: Well, the other way - just as you were describing that - it's where self-deprecating humor comes from. And you know...
GROSS: Right. Right.
O'BRIEN: ...That's my milieu is self-deprecating humor. But I'll make fun of myself before Terry Gross can because you're known to rip people apart on your show.
GROSS: I know. I know.
O'BRIEN: So cruel.
O'BRIEN: You're the Rickles (laughter). You're the Rickles of the airwaves. But when I did my first late-night show ever, all the press had been about, can he replace Letterman? And how can he? And Letterman is the best ever. And Letterman was wronged. And this is the idiot that NBC came up with to cover up their mistake. And it's the worst. And that was sort of the story. I remember it at the time - some people at NBC saying, just don't mention the Letterman thing when you go on the air. And I thought, well, that's the dumbest thing I've ever heard of. So we wrote - I had an idea. And we wrote this cold opening, which was me waking up in the morning. And I turn on the TV. And it's two people from "Entertainment Tonight" - reporters saying, can Conan be as good as Letterman? This is the big day. Can he do it? - and me smiling like an idiot - a grinning, confident idiot - and then marching down the street to Rockefeller Center. And everyone I encounter says, better be as good as Letterman.
O'BRIEN: And every single - and it gets more and more absurd until a horse goes (imitating horse neighing) better be as good as Letterman.
O'BRIEN: And I'm smiling and smiling and smiling, and then I finally get to my dressing room and I go in, and I'm whistling happily getting ready to do the show. And I make a noose.
O'BRIEN: I put my head in it, and just as I'm about to hang myself, there's a knock on the door, and they say, Conan, it's time. Now, the people at NBC were appalled. They were like, you can't do this. And I'm like, no, no, no, this is exactly what we have to do. We have to go right at it. And it turned out people, to this day, tell me they - that was the first time they ever saw me, and they really loved that. And that is very me, which is I'm going to mock myself before you can. And it's tricky because you can overdo it, and it's all - you know, it's preemptive. And that's exactly what you're saying, which is self-flagellation and punishing yourself is a way, ultimately, of being in control. Because if I hurt myself, then I've handled the punishment and no one else has to. And it can get - as we know, it can turn into an S&M fetish.
O'BRIEN: And it can also, as we all know (laughter) - but it can - you know what I'm talking about. Anyway - but it's very much - it's all about control. And at the end of the day, so many of the problems in our life are us trying to assert control where we don't have a lot of control. Comedians are the ultimate control freaks. So we're trying to control how you feel about us at any given moment. So, yeah, on a - on some level, a lot of, you know, humor is preemptive. It's I will find this all ridiculous before you can find me ridiculous.
GROSS: All right. I'm going to take a short break here, and then we'll be right back. If you're just joining us, my guest is Conan O'Brien. And in addition to his 11 o'clock late-night show on TBS, he has a podcast, and it's called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend." It's very funny. We're going to take a short break. Then we'll be right back. This is FRESH AIR.
(SOUNDBITE OF JULIAN LAGE'S "SUPERA")
GROSS: This is FRESH AIR. And if you're just joining us, my guest is Conan O'Brien, and, of course, he hosts his "Conan" late-night show on TBS at 11 o'clock. He also has a podcast that's called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend." And he interviews a lot of fellow comics and comedy writers and occasional first lady. And sometimes he's just just, like, really funny and sometimes it just gets to, you know, pretty deep stuff. And he has, like, scripted podcasts from Team Coco and new things going on, too.
So we were talking about self-punishment. What were you actually punished for when you were young?
O'BRIEN: The thing I remember most clearly is I think I'm the last person who's - at least of my generation, but maybe - I don't think there's anyone after me who ever had their mouth washed out with soap.
GROSS: Oh, you really did that? You really had it?
O'BRIEN: I did. I had my mouth washed out with a bar of Dial soap, and I hope this becomes a plug for Dial soap. But it was not my parents. My parents are away, and they had someone who - I remember very clearly she was from Prince Edward Island, and she was older, and I think came from this sort of different culture. And so she had, like, this 1930s mentality towards discipline. And I don't even think I said anything that bad. I don't think I said a swear word 'cause I never swore when I was a kid. I think I probably just was a little bit of a wise guy. And I remembered she took me to the second floor of our house, and there's this old marble sink, and she took out a bar of Dial soap and made me run it back and forth in my mouth. And I remember that soap cakes on the top of your tooth. That's what I remember really clearly. And I've since told people. Yeah, I remember the time I got my mouth washed out with soap, and they say to me, did you grow up in, like, 1910?
O'BRIEN: When did that happen? And it was a total anomaly, but, no, I think we would get in trouble if we, you know, mouthed off or were disrespectful to my mom. You'd get sent to your room - nothing - you know, there were no beatings. There probably should have been. I'd be a better person today had I'd been beaten. But...
GROSS: Boy, you know that was always...
O'BRIEN: ...No, there was nothing...
GROSS: There was always an expression, like, you have a filthy mouth. I'm going to wash your mouth out with soap, and I've never knew anyone until now who actually had their mouth washed with soap. I would think it's really bad for your mouth tissues, which are sensitive, to have Dial soap all over them.
O'BRIEN: Terry, I wish you'd been there at the time.
GROSS: Yes, I would have warned her about the medical repercussions of this form of punishment.
O'BRIEN: I wish you could have materialized and told this hill folk from Prince Edward Island...
GROSS: This is not a good thing.
O'BRIEN: I wish you had said, you know, excuse me, pardon me, I worry about his mouth tissues.
O'BRIEN: I don't think this is the proper use of - maybe a liquid soap. Is there a liquid Dial soap in the house? I think that would be softer, and he could expectorate it more easily. Who are you? I'm Terry Gross. I'll become famous in about 15 years. Goodbye. And then you disappear.
GROSS: Did it prevent you from ever mouthing off again to anyone?
O'BRIEN: No, of course not.
GROSS: Obviously not.
O'BRIEN: No, it doesn't - it's complete proof that capital punishment doesn't work. No.
GROSS: There we go. We made the jump (laughter).
O'BRIEN: We made the jump. It doesn't work.
GROSS: Your TBS show starts with this montage of you - of, like, Conan through the years, starting with you when you're a very young child and then being, like, an older...
GROSS: ...Child and a teenager and an adult and then having your own shows. So I wanted to spend a little more time in the young Conan years. You love music, and you play guitar. You sing. You don't try to pass yourself off as a professional musician, but you clearly love music.
O'BRIEN: Oh, God, no.
GROSS: In the studio where you are, there was a guitar sitting there. And during the soundcheck, I heard you just playing around with it. Would you be willing to just play and sing something that you were so proud you learned when you were young when you first picked up a guitar?
O'BRIEN: When I first picked up - oh, well, OK. This is - when a comedian picks up a guitar, unless he's Steve Martin, it's time to go. It's time to get out, so you've been warned. Yeah, there's a, I think, kind of out-of-tune guitar here. And I - yeah, I was just in a room. I come into this room, and I'm messing around with the guitar when, suddenly, I realize you're here. And then you have a gotcha moment of...
O'BRIEN: We can make him do this. But hold on.
O'BRIEN: The only reason I play guitar is because when I was in college, I really got into the music of the early, early "Sun Sessions" of Elvis Presley. So, you know, I'd always known Elvis as the guy in the jumpsuit, and then I heard those early, early recordings. And so the first thing I learned was Elvis' version of "Blue Moon Of Kentucky." And I can just give you a second of it. But he played this, and it was a bit of a scandal at the time because this was not the way you were supposed to play "Blue Moon Of Kentucky." And this just makes me happy. So, again, my apologies.
(Playing guitar, singing) Well, I said blue moon, blue moon, blue moon keep on, keep shining bright. Well, blue moon, keep on shining bright, going to bring me back my baby tonight. Blue moon, keep shining bright. I said blue moon of Kentucky, won't you keep on shining? Shine on the one that's gone and left me blue. I said blue moon of Kentucky, won't you keep on shining? Shine on the one that's gone and left me blue. 'Cause it was on one moonlight night, baby, stars shining bright, wind blowing high. And my love's said goodbye. Said blue moon of Kentucky, won't you keep on shining? Shine on the one that's gone and left me blue.
Something like that.
GROSS: Yeah, so I loved it. That was great. You really put yourself into that.
O'BRIEN: Why are you crying?
GROSS: That was great. I'm trying to picture you as, like, a 10-year-old or 13-year-old trying to be Elvis...
O'BRIEN: I was a little older than that.
GROSS: ...In your bedroom.
O'BRIEN: I think I was about 18.
GROSS: Oh, OK.
O'BRIEN: Yeah, that's where the hair came from and...
GROSS: Right, yeah.
O'BRIEN: That's why I wanted - I really wanted - I wanted black hair. And, you know, keep in mind, this is, you know - it's all the wrong time. I'm supposed to be listening to The Clash or something. I'm supposed to - I was always not in my time. You know, when I was a kid, the movies I'm supposed to be watching as I'm coming of age - "Clockwork Orange" and, you know, just the great, you know - I'm supposed to be watching "Marathon Man" and all that kind of stuff. And that's not what I'm doing. I'm watching Jimmy Cagney in "Yankee Doodle Dandy." I'm watching "Angels With Dirty Faces." I'm watching movies from the '30s, so my timing is always wrong. I'm listening to '50s Elvis, but it's at the wrong time, so I don't know. I've got a problem.
GROSS: Conan O'Brien, it's been great to have you back on the show. Thank you so much, and good luck with all the new projects you have now.
O'BRIEN: Thank you. And you are one of my all-time favorite people to talk to. And you're really brilliant at this. And it's a joy, so thank you so much for having me on. This is free therapy. I appreciate it.
GROSS: Oh, thank you so much for saying that.
My interview with Conan O'Brien was recorded in October. His TBS show airs weeknights at 11. His podcast is called "Conan O'Brien Needs A Friend." This is FRESH AIR.
(SOUNDBITE OF MICHAEL BISIO QUARTET AND RON SODERSTROM'S "A.M.")
TERRY GROSS, HOST:
This is FRESH AIR. It's not unusual for a coming-of-age films to mimic the frenetic, intense emotional swings that come with being a teenager. But "Hala," a new film from writer-director Minhal Baig is decidedly subdued. Baig, who was a writer on "BoJack Horseman" and "Ramy," adapted "Hala" from a short she released in 2016. Critic Soraya Nadia McDonald has this review.
SORAYA NADIA MCDONALD: Discovering your parents aren't perfect and that they're actually far more complicated than you ever imagined is never easy to process. But it can feel especially overwhelming when you're 17, like Hala, the protagonist of Minhal Baig's first feature film, which debuted at Sundance earlier this year. It's a film about the generosity daughters rarely extend to our mothers, how we find that generosity and the role identity can play in the process.
Geraldine Viswanathan stars as Hala Masood, a first-generation Pakistani American living in Chicago. Hala wears a hijab, and she loves skateboarding and literature in equal measure. She and her father, who is an attorney, share a bond as the intellectuals of their family. Their relationship can feel sweetly clubbish. Hala's mother is a witness to their discussions of books and their shared crossword puzzle rituals, but she's never a participant. Hala and her father, Zahid, eagerly partake in the delights of Western culture.
But Hala's mother, Eram, occupies the role of conservative spoilsport, confined to the borders of domesticity. Eram's marriage to Zahid was arranged in Pakistan. In America, she clings to tradition and to her native tongue of Urdu, much to Hala's muted disdain. In this scene at the family dinner table, Eram silently sulks. Hala and her father, played by Azad Khan, discuss Hala's schoolwork.
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "HALA")
AZAD KHAN: (As Zahid Masood) So what have you been reading?
GERALDINE VISWANATHAN: (As Hala Masood) We just finished "The Stranger," and now we're reading "A Doll's House," the play by Henrik Ibsen.
KHAN: (As Zahid Masood) Do you get to read "War And Peace?" We had an entire class on that one in college.
VISWANATHAN: (As Hala Masood) Yeah, next semester.
KHAN: (As Zahid Masood) There's more real human experience in that one book than anything else you'll ever read.
VISWANATHAN: (As Hala Masood) I'll tell Tolstoy you said that.
MCDONALD: As Hala, craving more freedom, begins to test boundaries, Eram grows stricter and more suspicious. She interrogates Hala about whether she's been spending time with boys, a huge no-no, and she picks out clothes Hala hates, inspiring ever more ire and resentment in her only child. But then, as Hala's own secret relationship with a white boy at school is blossoming, she discovers a monumental betrayal. Her father is having an affair with a white attorney at his law firm.
What follows is a beautifully nuanced and perceptive portrayal of Hollars anguish and confusion. The film is immensely affecting because Baig captures what it's like to feel paralyzed, with one foot in adulthood and the other in childhood. What I find striking is how Baig conveys what Hala is experiencing when she has so many restrictions on how she can outwardly express her emotions. From the moment the film begins, Hala is faced with a challenge - she's trying to figure out how to balance her nascent sexuality with the expectations of her Pakistani parents and of Islam. As the film progresses, she begins to see her mother in a newer and more compassionate light. Hala starts to appreciate that Eram's provincialism isn't a choice but more of an unwanted prison.
That becomes apparent when the Masood's host a Pakistani couple and their son Arash for dinner. The goal is to make a match. Hala has not been consulted at all, and she barely speaks. Zahid interrupts the dinner table awkwardness by ordering Hala to clear the dishes. Her mother unexpectedly objects. Let the child eat, she says in Urdu. Zahid, we're no longer in a time where women do all the work. We're not living in Pakistan anymore. Overwhelmed Hala runs out and doesn't return until the next day. In this voiceover, we hear Hala's thoughts from her writing journal as she's walking home.
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "HALA")
VISWANATHAN: (As Hala Masood) I am of two parts devided - one that rushes forward fearlessly, another that questions everything. Stranger and family under the same roof, speaking different languages yet sharing the same blood, seeking to be understood yet talking over each other - a cacophonous sound. That is the head and the heart.
MCDONALD: The film shines with a glorious commitment to the emotional evolution of its female characters, one that James Sizemore's score accents with notes of subtle agony. As Hala is discovering how gender has limited her mother's life and how it ties the two of them together, cinematographer Carolina Costa envelops the two in shadow. But when she leaves home for college, Hala literally gets to step into her own light. Baig backlights her heroine, and we see her in silhouette as sunshine pours into her dorm room. There she gets to decide what she will carry, from her mother and from Islam, as she becomes the woman she wants to be.
GROSS: Soraya Nadia McDonald is the culture critic for The Undefeated. "Hala" is now streaming on Apple TV Plus.