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The First American in Space.

Retired Astronaut and former test pilot Alan Shepard. He was America's first man in space in 1961; the voyage covered 302 miles and lasted 15 minutes. Ten years later with Apollo 14, he made it to the moon, playing golf on the moon's surface. (In 1969, the Apollo 11 landed on the moon, and Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon). Early in his space career, Shepard was diagnosed with an inner ear syndrome which could have ended his career. Shepard grounded himself in 1963 and became Chief of the Astronaut Office. Later, after a risky operation took care of his ear problem, Shepard returned to flight status, becoming commander of the Apollo 14. Shepard has co-written a new book: "Moon Shot: The Inside Story of America's Race to the Moon." (Turner Publishing).

22:18

Other segments from the episode on June 6, 1994

Fresh Air with Terry Gross, June 6, 1994: Interview with Alan Shepard; Interview with Rose Troche and Guinevere Turner; Review of Henry Louis Gates, Jr.'s memoir "Colored People."

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