Computer animator John Lasseter. His film "Tin Toy" won the 1988 Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. An earlier work, "Luxo Jr.," which brought to life a small fry Luxo lamp, was also nominated for an Academy Award for animation. Lasseter is the head animator at Pixar, the computer animation company that grew out of the computer graphics division of George Lucas's Lucasfilm. Lassetter also designed and animated the stained glass knight in Steven Spielberg's 1985 film "Young Sherlock Holmes." (Rebroadcast.
Cinematographer Stephen Burum. His latest film is Brian De Palma's "Casualties of War." This is his third film for De Palma; his first was "Body Double." He also shot "The Untouchables," which was nominated for the American Society of Cinematographers Award. Burum got his start as an assistant to Francis Ford Coppola on "Apocalypse Now." His other films include "St. Elmo's Fire," "The Outsiders" and "Rumble Fish."
Computer expert Clifford Stoll. When Stoll discovered a 75-cent accounting discrepancy in his work as systems manager at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, he thought the intruder was a student prankster. But after tracking the hacker for almost a year, Stoll discovered an international spy ring, operating out of West Germany, which sold the data it collected to the Soviets. This is the subject of his book "The Cuckoo's Egg".
Consumer electronics expert Howard Blumenthal. He writes a weekly syndicated newspaper column called "The Hi-Tech Home," and has also written "The Electronic Home Advisor," a guide to consumer electronics products. In his books and columns, Blumenthal writes about new developments like HDTV, and gives advice on buying everything from VCR's to laptop computers.
Scientist and writer Dr. Arno Penzias (PEN-zee-us). He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1978 for his work supporting the big-bang theory of the universe. Now, as vice-president of research at AT&T he's responsible for innovation and risk-taking. Though Penzias is at the forefront of technological development, he remains aware of its human implication. His book, "Ideas and Information" is a crash course on the history of computers and communications-technology and is addressed to the general reader.
New Yorker writer Paul Brodeur's new book considers the health hazards and cancer risks associated with power lines and electronic devices. Later, Fresh Air host Terry Gross talks to Dr. William Farland of the EPA to get the agency's perspective on this matter.
Scientist Arno Penzias won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1978 for his work supporting the big-bang theory. He's now vice-president of research at AT&T, and is concerned with the human implications of technological innovation. Penzias' book, Ideas and Information, is a popular history of computers and communications technology.
Norman's book, called the Psychology of Everyday Life, is about the effect of poor industrial design has on our interactions with new and familiar technology. He says not enough consumers complain; without their influence, corporations will continue to produce difficult-to-use products.
Attorney and consumer advocate Carl Oppedahl has compiled a Consumer Reports Book, "The Phone Book: How to Get the Telephone Equipment and Service you want and Pay Less." He joins Fresh Air to share his tips for how to choose a phone carrier and optimize call quality.
Reporter Leonard Lee. Lee's new book, "The Day the Phones Stopped: The Computer Crisis-- The What and Why of It, and How We Can Beat It," examines how our growing dependency on computers, and the growing complexity of computer programs, have led to expensive, and sometimes deadly, computer failures. Prior to becoming a journalist, Lee was a systems engineer for IBM. ("The Day the Phones Stopped" is published by Donald I. Fine).