Flugelhorn and trumpet player Art Farmer. This month the National Endowment for the Arts named him one of its 1999 American Jazz Masters. He joins such previous honorees as Dizzy Gillespie, Betty Carter, Miles Davis and Sarah Vaughan. Born in 1928 in Council Bluffs, Iowa, Art Farmer made his first record in 1948 as a sideman with Kansas-City legend Jay McShann.
While he was still a teenager the musician moved with his twin brother from Phoenix to Los Angeles to find work as a jazz musician. His career later took him to New York and, eventually, Vienna, where he has lived for several years. He has recently reunited his old group, the Jazztet, with tenor saxophonist Benny Golson.