War surgeon Dr. Chris Giannou, who recently worked through the devastating civil war in the East African country of Burundi. In the ensuing ethnic and political conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi peoples there, at least two hundred thousand people were been killed, oftentimes not with guns, but with machete knives and spears. Giannou has spent over 12 years working in the world's hotspots: Somalia, Lebanon, Cambodia.
Disaster relief expert Fred Cuny. Since January he's been in Sarajevo, implementing new water and gas systems. A former professor of engineering and public affairs, Cuny is hired by governments and agencies to coordinate responses to floods, famines, cyclones, earthquakes. He says, "Disasters are a function of underdevelopment" and he finds much humanitarian aid and relief satisfies the needs of the donor before it helps the recipient. Cuny was a Senior advisor to the US government on the Somalia famine in 1992.
Doctor Rony Brauman, the president of "Doctors Without Borders," the French-based medical
aid organization. There the largest such organization in the world, with thousands of volunteer physicians who have traveled to sites of war, disease, famine, or natural disaster throughout the world. (In France, the group's called Medecins Sans Frontieres).
Journalist William Shawcross. He wrote the introduction to a new book on the plight of the world's refugees. His most recent book The Shah's Last Ride and it documented the Shah's fall and flight from Iran as the Islamic revolution swept his country and much of the Middle East. Shawcross, a Briton, is also the author of the award-winning Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, which documented the extent of America's involvement in Cambodia at the same time it was engaged in Vietnam. (Rebroadcast. Originally broadcast on Tuesday, April 4, 1989.)